Active surveillance or watchful waiting is a treatment option that involves careful observation and monitoring via PSA blood testing, digital rectal exams, and annual biopsies to measure cancer progression.
Active surveillance may be an accurate treatment choice for men who:
- Are found to have less aggressive tumors, which often tend to grow slowly
- Are older than 70 years of age
- Have significant coexisting illnesses
- Are fearful of the side effects of more aggressive therapies