Active surveillance or watchful waiting is a treatment option that involves careful observation monitored through a PSA blood test, a digital rectal exam and usually a repeat biopsy annually to see if these tests indicate that the cancer is growing.
This could be an accurate treatment choice for men who:
-Are found to have less aggressive tumors, which often tend to grow slowly
-Are older than 70 years of age
-Have significant coexisting illnesses
-Are fearful of the side effects of more aggressive therapies