The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in men that is part of the reproductive system.
The prostate sits low in the pelvis, below the bladder, in front of the rectum and the prostate surrounds the urethra. The prostate makes seminal fluid, the liquid in sperm that protects, supports and helps transport sperm.
There are several health conditions related to the prostate:
- Prostate Cancer: Normal cells in the prostate may begin to change and grow uncontrollably forming a mass or tumor called Prostate Cancer.
- Enlarged Prostate/BPH: The prostate gland tends to grow larger with age. As it grows it may squeeze the urethra and cause problems with urination. This condition is known as Enlarged Prostate or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
- Erectile Dysfunction: Defined as the inability to achieve and/or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual activity.
- Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate is called Prostatitis which may be the result of an infection.
- Incontinence: Urinary incontinence is the inability to control urination. The term may be used interchangeably with Overactive Bladder (OAB), which also includes the same frequency in urination and urinary urge.
For men under 40 years of age, it is likely that the prostate has not caused any problems. But for men who are 40 and over, the prostate may become a source of problems.